Unhealthy eating and lifestyles have led to a large increase in blood sugar problems (high and low blood sugar levels) in our present generation. That is the main reason why there are lots of awareness campaigns on blood sugar issues in our societies today. The worst of it all is that many people are already having this problems but they are yet to know about it. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can easily lead to health issues like insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Make sure to stay on your toes and look out for these 10 important signs of blood sugar problems.
10 Important Signs of Blood Sugar Problems
Below are some blood sugar problems one can experience if he or she has a high or low blood sugar level.
- You are constantly thirsty, and then you urinate frequently
Constant thirst and frequent urination are two of the most common signs of diabetes caused by too much sugar in your blood.
The much sugar in the blood makes your kidney to work harder in order to filter them out. As they are been filtered, they pull a lot of fluids from your tissues along with them, which is the reason why you need to go the bathroom more often than normal.
Thirst is your body’s way of telling you it needs to replenish the liquids it is losing. If you don’t drink enough fluids, you can dehydrate.
- You are always tired
Constant fatigue is another sign that you are having a blood sugar problem. When sugar stays in your blood stream instead of being sent to your body’s cells, your muscles lacks the needed fuel to use as energy. You might experience just a minute weakness or your fatigue might be so bad that you need to have a long nap. Sometimes, people with diabetes feels exceptionally tired after consuming a large meal.
- You sometime feel as if the room is spinning
Having a feel of dizziness is a good sign of low blood sugar or hypoglycemia. The reason is because your brain needs glucose to function (the brain is actually the organ that consumes the largest amount of glucose in the body), and a drop in blood sugar can be very dangerous and even life threatening if it is not properly addressed.
Drinking a glass of fruit juice can help in bringing up your blood sugar level for a short term. But if you observe that you feel dizzy regularly, please consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and prescriptions.
- Your hands and feet swell
If you are suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes, these conditions are capable of causing damages to your kidneys. This hinders the kidney’s ability to filter wastes and fluids in the long run. As water accumulates in your body, your hands and feet may start to swell, a warning sign that you are suffering from a kidney disease. You can enhance your kidney functions by taking the drugs for diabetes and blood pressure prescribed to you by your doctor. Diet changes may help. Work with a nutritionist to keep your blood sugar under control.
Must read: 5 Most Dreaded Diabetes Skin Problems
- You are experiencing numbness or tingling
Nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy) can be another sign of chronically elevated blood sugars. It results in numbness or tingling in your hands and feet, or inability to feel pain or temperature changes.
People with neuropathy may not realize they have been injured from a cut or that a wound is becoming infected. Or they may be oversensitive to pain. They might experience severe and constant pain from otherwise painless stimulation. You can consult your podiatrist for regular foot exams.
- You often experience stomach problems
Diabetes also has the potential of damaging the nerve that helps your stomach to empty and move food smoothly through your digestive tract. When your stomach finds it difficult to empty itself enough (a condition called gastroparesis), you my experience unpleasant abdominal problems like diarrhoea, constipation, or incontinence. Many people also have problems eating or swallowing. Gastroparesis also can make it harder to control your diabetes.
- You are having poor visions
High blood sugar and high blood pressure both can damage the sensitive structures in your eyes and threaten your vision. Diabetic retinopathy (caused by damage to the blood vessels in the eye) is the biggest cause of blindness in adults.
Blurred vision, spots, lines, or flashing lights are signs that it is time for you to see your eye doctor. Get your eyes checked now, before your vision has a chance to deteriorate.
- You are seriously losing weight
Losing unwanted weight is always a good idea to manage type 2 diabetes. But if you are losing weight quickly, without trying, or without doing anything different, it may be a sign that your blood sugar is too high. When your glucose is high, it gets flushed out of the body in urine, taking the calories and fluids you consume with it.
- You are experiencing recurring infections
Frequent or recurring infections are sometimes a sign of high blood sugar. You might experience gum disease, urinary tract infections, bacterial or fungal infections of the skin, or, if you are a woman, yeast infections. Other infections might include pneumonia and respiratory infections, kidney and gallbladder infections, and severe bacterial middle ear and fungal sinus infections.
Also read: Kidney pain in the morning; Causes and Treatments
- Your cuts and bruises refuse to heal
If you are having blood sugar problems, you might experience that your cuts and bruises are slow to heal. Tending to injuries, however small, is important because it reduces the risk of infections in people with diabetes. Infections themselves can also worsen blood sugars, which make it even harder for your immune system to fight off the infection.