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Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Gout Causes, Symptoms, Complications and Chances Of Acquiring It

That ill experience of sudden thumping and burning pain you normally felt in your big toe can generally ruin your day. This is what people that suffer from gout normally pass through on a daily basis. In case you lack proper information of what this ailment is all about, then it will be a wise decision if you can read this post to the very end. 

Gout Causes, Symptoms, Complications and Chances Of Acquiring It


What is Gout?

Gout can simply be described as a sudden and severe attack of pain, tenderness and redness in your joints. The most and well known spots of attack are the joint at the base of your big toe.

Many people are yet to realise that fact that gout is a form of arthritis, has a complex nature and it can affect almost everyone. Men are the most vulnerable of developing gout, but women become more at risk after on reaching menopause.

The strange thing about gout is that it attacks suddenly and at the moment you least expect. Most at times, it happens at night which can eventually wake you up from sleep. Any simple pressure at all, even the weight of your duvet can make the pain to be extremely unbearable.

The good news is that gout can be treated and to be able to understand how to treat it effectively, you must first of all have a proper knowledge on how gout works. Let us have an insight on this...


What Are The Symptoms Of Gout?

Just as i have briefly explained above, the symptoms of gout usually happen quite suddenly. The common symptoms of gout are explained below:

1. Severe joint pain

With the fact that the most common joint affected by gout is the one located at the base of the big toe, it does not mean it cannot affect any other joint in the body. Gout can affect locations such as your hands, wrists, ankles, knees, and feet. The pain is normally at its peak for some few hours after it started.

2. Lasting discomfort

After the pain caused by gout might have subsided, you might experience a large form of discomfort in the affected areas for some days or even weeks. Frequent attacks might even get worse as it will affect more joints or even last longer.

3. Inflammation and redness

The joints affected by gout will become swollen, warm, tender and red.

4. Limited range of motion

With persistence effect, the gout causes your joints to become stiff, thereby leading to limited range of motion or difficulty in movement.


What Are The Causes Of Gout?

Gout is normally caused by too much uric acid in the body. The excess uric acid builds up and form sharp crystals around your joints, which cause the pain and inflammation we all know as gout attack.

How crystals are formed in the body

There are substances known as purines. When your body breaks down these substances, the uric acid level in your body increases. Purines can be found in foods like; organ meats, seafood, steak etc. Purines are also found naturally in your body and they increases when you consume drinks like alcoholic beverage (most especially wine and bear) and also drinks that contains lots of sugar.

I know you might be asking, "why then do I have uric acid in my body?" The answer is that it gets excreted easily. 

On a normal condition, uric acid gets dissolved in the bloodstream and passes through the kidneys , then out of your body though urine. But in a situation where there is too much of it for the kidneys to process and excretes, it remains in the body and forms urate crystals around the joints.

Factors That Increases Your Chances Of Getting Gout Attack


Increased level of uric acid in your body also increases your chances of developing gout. See some factors below that can have a great impact on this:


1. Your diet

If your diet comprises foods like lots of red meat, seafood, beer, sweets, wine, and refined carbohydrates, then you are making yourself more vulnerable to gout attack as these foods can easily increase the levels of uric acid in your body.


2. Obesity

When you are overweight or obese, your body produces more uric acid and your kidneys have difficulty in processing all of these.


3. Medical conditions

Medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, metabolic sysndrome, and kidney disease can increases your chances of getting gout.



4. Medications

There are various medications that can eventually cause gout. Medications such as Thiazide diuretics (medication used to treat high blood pressure), aspirin, and anti-rejection drugs normally used after an organ transplant are all key players in causing gout attack.


5. Family history

If there are traces of gout in your family history, then there are chances that you can easily acquire it as well. 

6. Gender

Gout normally occurs in men compared to women. The reason is because men naturally have higher levels of uric acid than women.

7. Age.

Age-wise, men normally develop gout earlier also compared to women. In men, gout attack can start between the ages of 30 to 50 years whereas women only start to develop gout after menopause.

8. Recent surgery

Recent surgery experience or trauma is associated with an increased risk of developing gout.

Complications Of Gout

People who suffer from gout often gets complications such as:

1. Recurrent gout

In some cases of gout attack, it happens just only once and never resurfaced again. But the more prominent cases is that it occurs over and over again after the first attack. There are some form of treatment or medication that are given to people who suffer from recurrent gout. If it is left untreated, gout can completely erode and destroy the joint.

2. Advanced gout

Advanced gout occurs when the gout is left untreated. The urate crystals start to form under the skin and it eventually leads to bumps called tophi.

Tophi forms in areas like the hands, fingers, elbows, feet, ankle and heels. They are usually not painful, but they become tender and swollen during gout attacks.

3. Kidney stones

Kidney stones is certainly every individuals worst nightmare. In this condition, the urate crystals form in the urinary tract and the body has to pass through severe pain in order to pass them out. In some cases, an individual have to undergo surgery in order to remove the kidney stones.

Now you have gotten some important knowledge about gout, it is time to live a healthy life and avoid every factors that can make you develop it. Do not just enjoy this information alone, kindly share this post with your friends in various social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Simply use he share icons below to achieve this. Thanks!
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