There are so many misconceptions out there concerning epilepsy, convulsion, and seizures. This is as a result of lack of proper facts and information about what they really are and what they entails. Lack of adequate information have also created a label or stigma on people that are suffers from this condition, many have been discriminated also in their various societies, just because they are sufferers. In Nigeria today, some people are still scared to associate themselves with this group of people (sufferers of epilepsy), that is the major reason why i am presenting this piece of information about some major facts about epilepsy and convulsion.
The facts that will be presented in this post will not just help as many that are ignorant about this condition, it will also go a long way in helping as many that found themselves in this situation. It will help sufferers in identifying and overcoming some myths, misconceptions, superstitions, misinformation and dangerous treatment out there that many of them have been engaging in. Let us read along as we identify the major facts.
8 Facts About Epilepsy And Convulsion
1. Epilepsy is not a disease
Epilepsy, convulsion and seizure are three terms that are all the same. Each of the term refers to a disorder that is caused by something affecting the brain of a patient. In general terms, they are an abnormality of the brain. Children that are given birth to with normal brain can develop epilepsy on the long run due to lack of oxygen, jaundice, fever, infections such as meningitis, malaria etc. It is highly possible for anyone to have seizure or convulsion as a result of head injury, a brain tumour, stroke, pregnancy and diabetes. When convulsion is being experienced more than once, it is been called an epilepsy.
2. What seizure (epileptic fit) looks like
We have 3 common types of seizure; The simple type, the complex type and the generalized type. The last type is the one that most people have knowledge about. In seizure, the patient loses consciousness and most times accompanied by jerking around, foaming at the mouth, and unconsciously urinating on themselves.
Ninety percent of seizures last between a few seconds to five minutes, they are self-limiting. At the end of a seizure experience, patients can be calm and sleepy for several minutes thereafter. If there are occasions where seizure persists for more than ten minutes, the patient should be taken to the hospital as fast as possible because the situation is quite abnormal.
3. Anyone can have a seizure
Seizure can happen to anybody irrespective of your societal status or background. It can happen to the poor, rich, illiterate, educated and people of all ages. It can occur in any country in the world and affects all race, be it white or black. It is also been experienced in Nigeria as well.
4. Catering for someone that is experiencing a seizure
First of all, you should ensure that the person does not injure him/herself during the period his/her consciousness was lost. Move away any objects that are capable of causing injury to the affected person. If it is possible, you should place a pillow below his head so that it does not hit the floor with a full force. Allow the seizure to complete its course and do not hold the victim down, if it is also possible you should move him/her to a more comfortable place once the seizure terminates so that he/she can have a good rest. Check his/her pulse rate and heart beat to ensure he/she is breathing properly.
5. What you should not do
To counter the misconception that most people have or practice, please do not put a spoon or pour any liquid into the mouth of a person experiencing convulsion. In an unconscious state, he or she could possibly choke when drugs or concoctions are been placed in their mouths. Urine is not treatment for epilepsy, be it from the mother of the sufferer or from a cow. Also, please to not burn anyone having epilepsy, because this might cause a lifetime injury.
6. Epilepsy is not contagious
It should be the duty of the doctor to pass this information to the patient, relatives as well as their friends and colleagues, that epilepsy is not contagious in any way. I know that many of you might be having this misconception, but you are quite fortunate to be acquiring this knowledge now.
7. Treatment options that are available for patients
There several treatment options that are available for epilepsy. Epilepsy can be treated, controlled, and rarely cured. Epilepsy can be properly controlled by the use of medications. There are up to twenty different types of drugs that is used in treating epilepsy. It is the duty of the doctor to find the right type of drug needed by a particular patient and prescribe it to him/her. Prescription is based on the patient's age and weight, in order to get optimum control of the seizures.
8. Epilepsy can be cured
Depending on the cause, epilepsy can be completely cured. For example, if the epilepsy is as a result of brain tumour or stroke, it can be effectively treated and cured once the causative factor is eliminated. Unfortunately, most types of epilepsy, however, cannot be cured but can be treated and controlled. Seizures can be controlled when medications are been taken on a regular basis.
These 8 facts about epilepsy and convulsion can be useful in determining how we handle this situation henceforth. Feel free to share this post using the various social media icons below. Just a share might go a long way in helping someone or some people.