Coping with the first trimester of pregnancy is very stressful for many pregnant women because it is characterized by an amazing transformation that happens very quickly. There are many physical (body) and emotional changes that occur during this period of baby development. The hormones in the pregnant female triggers her body to start to nourish the baby even before a test or physical examination confirms the pregnancy.
Having an idea of the physical and emotional changes that will occur during the first trimester will enable a woman to cope and face the months with full confidence. Putting into practice of few first trimester pregnancy tips can offer a positive impact on both the pregnant mother and the baby in her womb. We shall be looking at 3 most important first trimester pregnancy tips pregnant women should adhere to, but before we get to that aspect, i will like to share some physical and emotional changes that pregnant mothers should expect during this period.
Physical Changes That Occur During The First Trimester Of Pregnancy
The following are some physical changes that should be expected during the first trimester of pregnancy:
As early as three weeks after conception, a pregnant woman starts experiencing morning sickness. Though it is called morning sickness, but it definitely strikes at any time of the day. Nausea ( a feeling of illness or discomfort in the digestive system accompanied by a strong urge to vomit) also comes into play, this is as a result of rapid rise in the levels of oestrogen and progesterone, which causes the stomach to empty up more slowly. The sense of smell also heightens in a pregnant woman, so various odours like foods cooking, cigarette smoking and perfumes might triggers the waves of nausea in early pregnancy.
To assist in fighting nausea, pregnant women should eat small, frequent meals throughout the day. Choice of foods should be those that are low in fat and very easy to digest. They should completely avoid foods or smell that worsen their nausea. Drinking plenty of fluids is also advisable.
2. Tender, swollen breast
Immediately after a woman conceives, hormonal changes makes the breast to become tender, sensitive or sore. On several occasions, the breast becomes fuller and heavier. Putting on a more supportive bra might be really helpful.
3. Increased urination
A pregnant mother, during this period, finds herself urinating more often than normal. Pressure from her enlarging uterus on the ladder might cause her to leak urine when sneezing, laughing or coughing. In order to prevent UTI (urinary tract infection), it is advisable for her to urinate whenever she feels the urge to.
Fatigue is the highest amongst the first trimester pregnancy symptoms. During the period of early pregnancy, there is a high increase in the level of the hormone progesterone. This increase easily makes a woman to feel sleepy.
To fight fatigue, the pregnant mother should have enough rest as she can, and makes sure she gets enough of irons and proteins. She should also try as much as possible to include physical activity such as brisk walk in her daily routine.
5. Food aversions or cravings
When a woman is pregnant, she normally find herself having a total dislike for a certain type of foods. Food cravings are also been experienced as well. Like most other symptoms that comes along with pregnancy, these food preferences can be related to hormonal changes (especially in the first trimester, when hormonal changes are the most dramatic).
Pregnancy causes the blood vessels to dilate and the blood pressure to drop, which leaves a pregnant woman lightheaded or dizzy. Avoiding prolonged standing can prevent mild, occasional dizziness. A pregnant woman should endeavour to rise slowly after lying or sitting down.
Prompt care should be sought after if the dizziness is severe and occurs with abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding. This could be an indication of an ectopic pregnancy (a condition in which the fertilized egg is being implanted outside the uterus).
7. Heartburn and constipation
Pregnancy slows the movement of food through the digestive system. This gives more time for nutrients to be absorbed unto the bloodstream and reach the baby in the womb. The bad news is that it can also lead to constipation. The pregnancy hormones which relaxes the valve between the stomach and oesophagus allows stomach acid to leak into the oesophagus, which eventually causes heartburn.
In order to prevent heartburn, eat small, frequent meals and also avoid foods that are fried, citrus fruits or juices, carbonated drinks, and spicy foods. To prevent constipation, plenty of fibre-containing food should be included in the diet and also lots of fluids. Regular physical activity can also be of help.
Emotional changes experienced during the first trimester of pregnancy
Pregnancy leaves a woman feeling delighted, anxious, exhausted and exhilarated (most times, all at once). Even if pregnant woman feels thrilled about her pregnancy, a new baby adds emotional stress to her life. It is quite natural and normal to worry about your child's health, the financial demands of raising a child and your adjustment to motherhood. The thoughts of how the baby will affect your relationship with your partner or what type of parent you will be after the delivery will be running all over your head. If you are a working class mother, you might be bothered about the productivity of your job and how to balance the demands of career and family.
During the first trimester, pregnant women also experiences bouts of mood swings. Always remind yourself that what you are experiencing is normal, so no cause for alarm. Always ensure to take proper care of yourself, and look up to your partner and loved ones for understanding and encouragement. If the mood swings becomes severe, kindly consult your health care practitioner for additional support.
We have seen the various physical and emotional changes that is being experienced during the first trimester of pregnancy, let us now look at some few tips a pregnant women can follow in order to cope with the situation.
3 First Trimester Pregnancy Tips For Women
1. Maintain a healthy body
The priority of most pregnant mother is to maintain the heath of the baby, and the best way this could be achieved during the first trimester of pregnancy is for her to protect her own health.
It is not just all about maintaining a healthy nutrition, but emotional feelings are also involved. Whenever a pregnant mother experiences emotions (be it positive or negative), her body chemistry changes accordingly. The baby in the womb also experience all these changes.
Pregnant mothers need to eat more often. Eating foods that contains high amount of omega-3 fatty acids and folic acids can promote the brain health of the baby inside her womb.
A pregnant mother should also, completely avoid unhealthy lifestyle habits, this is highly necessary for her and the baby. Drinking of alcohol, smoking, caffeine and food additives can pose a lot of threat to the mother's health and the baby's development also.
2. Proper management of stress level
Pregnant women should not only be conscious about their physical health, but they should also have concern about their emotional and mental health.
Pregnant women should practice meditation and relaxation on a daily basis. This act creates the best climate for the baby in the womb to grow properly, because it reduces hormones that causes stress, example includes cortisol and adrenalin. Relaxation also creates love hormones like oxytocin.
Adequate amount of sleep and involving in moderate exercise on a regular basis are also great ways of reducing stress.
3. Getting prenatal education
Acquiring the right and proper prenatal education is one of the most effective first trimester pregnancy tips because it can help a woman learn a lot healthy habits and reduce a lot of her worries about her pregnancy. There are also a lot of harmful effects of not deriving an adequate prenatal education. This makes a pregnant woman unprepared to take part in her own medical care and also unable to make informed choices about how she would deliver her baby and what would happen to her body both in the delivery room and the years ahead.