If you have been a good follower of this blog, you would have noticed various post that talked about issues concerning diabetes. In this post, we shall be looking at Diabetes and its risk factors, i.e. talking about people that needs to be tested for this dreaded disease condition. Diabetes is a growing problem due to our lifestyles and eating habits (eating foods that are rich in carbohydrates and sugar). But luckily it does not have to be that way.
Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes are becoming more and more of a problem every day. It occurs when the insulin in the body does not work as effectively as it should, and this is caused by constant high blood sugar levels.
Insulin is needed to keep blood sugar levels stable, and they do this by helping the sugar from food we eat to be used as either a source of immediate energy, or store it as fat for later use. However, if insulin does not work the way it should, it can cause the body to use less of the sugar for energy, which leaves us feeling drained, and it makes the body store more of it as fat, which makes us pick up weight.
Diabetes can increase the risk of other health issues like kidney failure, the need for amputations of limbs due to improper blood flow, heart disease and other cardiovascular issues, as well as problems with sight.
Now we have known the bad nature of diabetes, let us look at the group of people that are predisposed to it.
Who Should Be Tested for Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes?
It is recommended that everybody goes for testing for diabetes and pre-diabetes, but even more so if you are overweight or obese.
Other risk factors for diabetes include:
- Not being physically active
- Suffering from insulin resistance
- Having a parent or sibling with diabetes
- Giving birth to a baby weighing more than 4.5kg
- Being diagnosed with gestational diabetes (pregnancy diabetes)
- Having high blood pressure (140/90 mmHg or higher)
- Levels of HDL (good cholesterol) below 35 mg/dL
- Suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Having a condition called acanthosis nigricans, characterized by a dark, velvety rash around the neck or armpits
- A history of cardiovascular disease
If results of testing are normal, testing should be repeated at least every 3 years. Doctors may recommend more frequent testing depending on initial results and risk status.
Knowing the risk factors and getting tested frequently for diabetes is one good way of preventing and managing the disease. You can book an appointment with your doctor immediately after reading this. please kindly share this piece of information by using the social share icons below.