In the quest to maintain a healthy living, many people today are so much concerned about their diet. As the popular saying goes, "you are what you eat", which actually means that the bulk of our health actually depends on the foods or liquids we take in to our system through our mouth. Adequate consumption of this particular set of food should be able to supply all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and antioxidants that will boost and maintain our health status.
What is a diet?
Before i proceed in listing some types of diets that are beneficial to our health, let me give a clean definition of what diet is all about.
Diet can simply be defined as a controlled regimen of food and drink, either to gain or lose weight, or to have a general positive influence on human health. Generally, the purpose of engaging in diets is to have a positive impact on the health of humans. You must know what you want, and what exactly you are looking for, before choosing a particular food regimen or diet. It is also important to remember the strong word from the definition, "controlled", meaning you are stuck to a plan or a choice at a particular time or period. You have no right to opt otherwise.
Some different types of diets
1. Alkaline diet
The main purpose of alkaline diet is to eradicate acidity from the body system. It aims at reducing the effects of groups of foods that have the capacity of increasing the levels of acidity in the blood when digested. The food regimen claims to rebalance the system through a diet consisting of two-thirds alkalizing foods (like green or leafy vegetables) and one-third acidifying foods (like meat, cheese etc). People that engage in the alkaline diet program can eat carbohydrate, fat and protein, but the groups of foods that are the major focus in the diet are raw, seasonal produce, fruits and green vegetables.
2. Chrono nutrition
Chrono nutrition is a food plan that is based on the idea of respecting the body's natural rhythms. People that engage in this plan can actually eat whatsoever they want to, but only at particular fixed times of the day. This diet is developed by a French nutritionist called Dr Delabos. Instead of eliminating some kind of foods, this diet places different food groups in different meals. The day kick-starts with a hearty breakfast which includes animal fats, followed by a dense protein-and-carb-based lunch, a sweet snack in the afternoon and a light meal in the evening to prevent excess calories being stored overnight. Consumption of dark chocolate is allowed on a daily basis, but not anytime after 5pm.
3. Detox diet
A detox diet is more or less a short term program. Detoxing is aimed at flushing out toxins out of the body's system. This diet program normally last for about a week, and it often starts with a phase of around 3 days, where people who engage in this diet (detoxers). eat just a particular kind of food, usually with unlimited fruits, lots of water and herbal tea. Cooked vegetables are gradually reintroduced, followed by protein (fish, meat, eggs) within the last two days.
4. The Dukan diet
This diet plan is very strict as regards the kind of foods it allows it followers to eat, but such foods can be consumed in unlimited quantities. This controversial diet is a high-protein and low-calorie program that cuts fat and carbohydrate intake. This encourages the body to use up its fat stores (adipocytes) to get the energy it needs to keep muscles functioning. As fat stores are used, fatty acids are released into the bloodstream, making the liver and kidneys work harder. Weight loss can be very quick in the first phase of the diet (the attack phase) which lasts around seven days (approximately 5kg).
5. Low FODMAP diet
This diet is developed by an Australian nutritionist in 2005 for people that suffers from irritable bowel syndrome. This eating program involves avoiding a family of carbohydrates called FODMAPs. FODMAPS are types of sugars that are poorly absorbed by the body. These are naturally present in certain vegetables, cereals, pulses, fruit, mushrooms, dairy products and certain "low sugar" products. Eating FODMAPs can lead to bloating and stomach ache after meals, as the sugars ferment in the intestine. Fruits allowed as part of the diet include bananas, grapes, grapefruit, kiwis, mandarins, oranges, passion fruit, pineapple and tomatoes.
6. Blood type diet
For the American nutritionist James d'Adamo, people with blood types A, B, O and AB shouldn't eat the same things to lose weight and stay healthy. This is due to the different antibodies developed in relation to the chemical composition of each specific blood group. Four different profiles exist. The "O group" should eat meat and vegetables but avoid dairy products and carbs. The "B group" should fill up on dairy products, green vegetables, meat and eggs, while avoiding chicken, corn, peanuts and lentils. The "A group" should follow a vegetarian diet, with lots of fruit, vegetables and cereals but no meat, beer, dairy products or beans.
7. Paleo diet
This diet, based on what humans ate in the Paleolithic era, can help dieters shed up to 1kg of fat per week. Eating paleo involves excluding all cereals and dairy products, as well as beans and legumes, starchy vegetables like potatoes, fatty meats, salt, sugar, and all forms of processed food and fizzy drinks. Inspired by our hunter-gatherer ancestors, the diet is based on lean meats, poultry, fish, seafood, fruit and non-starchy vegetables, as well as all kinds of nuts and seeds (almonds, sunflower seeds, etc.).
These are various types of diets you can choose from depending on your body needs, feel free to add other by commenting below.