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Thursday, February 04, 2016

Zika virus: what you need to know

zika virus


The Zika virus as of recent have been a threat to some parts of the world, and it has become a topic of concern to the health sector and the world at large. From symptoms, to risks and to the affected countries, here are some useful information you need to know about Zika virus

The WHO (World Health Organisation) recently introduced that a disorder related to the Zika virus in Latin America poses an international public health emergency requiring a united reaction. The infection, which has been linked to instances of microcephaly (causing infants to be born with underdeveloped brains), has been placed inside the same category as Ebola.

Because of this WHO will now start speedy-tracking aid and studies, in a bid to tackle the quick-spreading virus. But what do we honestly know about the Zika Virus? Now let us look at some important thing we need to know about the virus.

What is Zika virus?
The Zika virus is a disease resulting from an infection that is carried by a certain kind of mosquito (Aedes aegypti), but professionals believe it is able to be spread also through unprotected sex with an infected man or woman. However, it cannot be transmitted through coming in contact with an infected man or woman. Zika is mostly prevalent in Brazil, however outbreaks have been reported in the course of the Americas, such as Barbados, the Dominican Republic and Mexico.

Who does the Zika Virus have an effect on?
Everyone bitten with by the mosquito carrying the virus could emerge as been infected, around one in five people will become sick. The contamination is usually moderate and could pass within a week, and severe disease requiring hospitalisation is uncommon.

How does the Zika Virus have an effect on pregnant women?
Certainly one of the biggest concerns about the virus is the proof that, if contracted during your pregnancy, it can increase the risk of microcephaly ( a birth defect where the infant's head is smaller than ordinary, frequently with a smaller brain that may not have developed properly).

Which countries have the Zika Virus?
Before 2015, Zika Virus outbreaks primarily took place in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. But, in may also 2015, the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infections in Brazil.

In line with the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC.) Zika outbreaks are actually happening in many countries. these includes:

·         Barbados
·         Bolivia
·         Brazil
·         Colombia
·         Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, US territory
·         Costa Rica
·         Curacao
·         Dominican Republic
·         Ecuador
·         El Salvador
·         French Guiana
·         Guadeloupe
·         Guatemala
·         Guyana
·         Haiti
·         Honduras
·         Martinique
·         Mexico
·         Nicaragua
·         Panama
·         Paraguay
·         Saint Martin
·         Suriname
·         U.S. Virgin Islands
·         Venezuela
·         American Samoa
·         Samoa
·         Cape Verde

You can discover the latest information on the CDC website regarding to travel notices on the affected countries.

What are the symptoms of the Zika Virus?
Symptoms of the Zika virus are tremendously mild, however it can also consist of:

1.      a low-grade fever
2.      joint ache, with posible swelling within the arms and feet
3.      rash, that is sometimes itchy
4.      conjunctivitis or (red eyes)
5.      headache
6.      muscle pain
7.      eye pain

What treatment is available for the Zika Virus?
There may be no treatment for the Zika virus, but taking pain reliever and consuming lots of water may additionally assist to relief the symptoms.
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Item Reviewed: Zika virus: what you need to know Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Chibuzor Aguwa