The World Health Organisation (WHO) has just declared Zika virus as a public health concern globally. Affected states inside the United States of America have also entreated women to abstain from being pregnant as presently there may is no vaccine or remedy for the disease. The simplest option left is to prevent the spread of the sickness. Zika virus is been spread by a vector, known as an infected Aedes egypti mosquito. So one of the primary ways to prevent the spread of the disease is to protect yourselfself from mosquito bites. Below are ways of preventing the spread of Zika virus:
1. Prevent mosquito breeding
Restrict the accumulation of water anywhere around your surroundings. If you have saved water for a long term, empty the box. Also empty old tyres, flower pots and buckets if water is contained inside. Mosquitoes breed in water and therefore the best manner to prevent mosquitoes from breeding is to restrict water from accumulation for a long period. But, in case you have to save water, make sure the packing containers are absolutely covered. Also, endeavor to cover dustbins and trash cans when you are not using them.
2. Put on clothes that cover your body completely
Wear long sleeved shirts or t-shirts, and complete-length trousers to prevent mosquitoes from biting your body. Make sure none of your body part is uncovered.
3. Use mosquito repellents
Distinctive forms of mosquito repellents are available in marketplace. Use it generously at some stage in the day in addition to night time. You can also use natural insect repellents like neem or eucalyptus oil to save you mosquito bites.
4. Spray mosquito repellents on clothes
Apart from making use of a mosquito repellent on your body, spray it on your clothes to save you the mosquitoes from soaring around you.
5. Use mosquito nets when sleeping
Cover your mattress with mosquito nets and sleep under them. Use mosquito nets for toddlers too, in particular once they sleep at some point of the day. Take into account that Zika infected mosquitoes can also bite during the day also.
6. Cover your doors and windows
Use a net to cover your doors and home windows to prevent mosquitoes from coming into your house. Additionally, ensure that the glasses do not have any holes in them. You can also ensure that the doors and windows are shut most of the time
7. Avoid travelling to Zika affected countries
The prevalence rate of Zika is high in America and is anticipated to spread to India soon. And the simplest way it may spread to India is if someone travels to and from the affected countries. The authorities need to make screening at airports and seaport mandatory and additionally take a look at and quarantine any person displaying symptoms of Zika.
8. Postpone pregnancy
Zika can be transferred from a pregnant mom to the foetus through the placenta. It is also believed that infants born to mothers infected by Zika are much more likely to be afflicted by a situation known as microcephaly (small mind) which is almost deadly. Consistent with reviews, over 4000 babies in Brazil have been born with microcephaly since October 2015. Countries like Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador and Jamaica have already asked women to postpone pregnancies in order to prevent the spread of the virus.
|Children afflicted with microcephaly|