Wednesday, January 06, 2016

Things to know about hepatitis B

Things to know about hepatitis B
Hepatitis B virus

Hepatitis B like we all know is one deadly disease caused by the Hepatitis B virus. In this review, we shall be looking at some the things you need  you need to know about Hepatitis B.

1. What is hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B means infection of the liver by Hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B is a contagious liver disorder that ranges in severity from a slight illness lasting some weeks to a serious, life-long sickness. Hepatitis B can be both acute or chronic. In chronicity, the liver ailment can progress and cause cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation. some patients with cirrhosis eventually develops liver cancer too.

2. Mode of spread of hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is been spread when blood, semen , or other body fluid that have been infected with the Hepatitis B virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. People can emerge infected with the virus during some activities such as:

a)      Birth ( spread from an infected mom to her child during delivery)
b)      Sex with an infected partner
c)      Sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection system.
d)     Sharing items which includes razors or enamel brushes with an infected person.
e)      Direct touch with the blood or open sores of an infected person.
f)       Exposure to blood from needle sticks or other sharp contraptions.

3. Can someone spread Hepatitis B and not be aware of it?
yes. Many humans with chronic Hepatitis B virus infection do not recognize they are infected due to the fact that they do not experience any symptoms or look sick. But, they could still spread the virus to others and are at risk of serious health problems themselves.

4. Can Hepatitis B be spread through sexual intercourse?
Yes. Many adults transmit infection through sexual contact and accounts for almost two thirds of acute Hepatitis B instances. In fact, Hepatitis B is 50 to 100 times extra infectious than HIV and can be transfered via the exchange of body fluids, such as semen, vaginal fluids, and blood.

5. Can Hepatitis B be spread through meals?
Unlike Hepatitis A, it cannot be spread routinely through meals or water. It is not spread with the aid of sharing utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, keeping fingers, coughing or sneezing.

6. Who is prone to Hepatitis B?
Although everybody can get Hepatitis B, a few people are at more threat, consisting of individuals who:
a)      Have sex with an infected individual.
b)      Have more than one sex partners.
c)      Have sexually transmitted disease.
d)     Are men who have sexual contact with other fellow men.
e)      Inject liquid drugs or share needles, syringes, or other drug equipment.
f)       Are toddlers born to infected mothers.
g)      Exposed to blood during job
h)      Haemodialysis patients.

7. If i am having the feeling of been exposed to the Hepatitis B virus, what ought i to do ?
If there is suspicion that someone has been exposed to Hepatitis B, he should get in touch with a medical doctor for treatment and this may prevent the infection.

8. What are the signs and symptoms of acute Hepatitis B?
Symptoms of acute hepatitis B in the event that they seem, can consist of: fever, fatigue, lack of urge for food, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, darkish urine, clay-colored bowel movement, joint pain and jaundice (yellow shade within the skin or the eyes).

9. Can a man or woman spreads Hepatitis B without having symptoms?
sure, many human beings with Hepatitis B haven't any signs and symptoms, but those human beings can nevertheless spread the virus.

10. How is hepatitis B identified and investigated?
Medical professionals diagnose the disease with one or more blood examination even if they do not have any symptoms.

11. How is Hepatitis B treated?
patients with Hepatitis B must seek advice from a consultant in liver illnesses or a gastroenterologist who is specialised in the treatment of Hepatitis B. The affected person desires to be monitored regularly for signs of liver disease and evaluated for possible remedy. The treatment of Hepatitis B is not required for all patients and consequently the choice is based on each character situations that is determined through the professional.

12. Can Hepatitis B avoided?
Yes. The nice way to prevent Hepatitis B is by getting the Hepatitis B vaccine. The Hepatitis B vaccine is secure and powerful and is usually given as 3 to 4 shots over a 6 month duration.

13. Who must get vaccinated against Hepatitis B?
a)      All babies, starting with the first dose of Hepatitis B vaccine at delivery.
b)      All kids and teens younger than 19 years of age who have not been vaccinated.
c)      People whose intercourse companions have Hepatitis B.
d)     People looking for evaluation for a sexually transmitted disease.
e)      Men who have sexual intercorse with different men.
f)       Folks that share needles, syringes or other drug injection systems.
g)      people who have physical contact with someone infected with Hepatitis B virus.
h)      health care people (dotors, nurses, laboratory technicians and other clinical group of workers)
i)        Hemodialysis patients.
j)        Every person who desires to protect themselves towards Hepatitis B.

14. Is Hepatitis B vaccine safe?
Sure the vaccine is secure and less costly. The vaccine needs to be taken under the guidance of a certified medical doctor and prior to vaccination for adults and adolescents some blood tests are required.

15. What are the late complications of Hepatitis B?
Sufferers who have been silently affected by Hepatitis B, present with signs and symptoms of Cirrhosis of the liver. A number of those sufferers present within a short duration of sudden detoriation and could then require an urgent liver transplantation (acute on chronic liver failure). Cirrhosis is the quit stage liver disorder with a view to necessitates liver transplant, as the desired treatment. Patients will then go back to normal life.

A number of these patients with Hepatitis B, are also afflicted by Hepatitis C and in the event that they have been drinking alcohol, then the liver is broken much earlier and this can cause damage a lot quicker, then the patient's life is in danger, except he undergoes liver transplantation. 

As a result, "prevention is better than cure", and it is recommended to steer a healthy life, to be vaccinated for Hepatitis B infection.



A Medical Microbiologist, Public health worker, blogger and artcle writer, and of course a fan of Manchester United football club