Wednesday, December 23, 2015

Menstruation and how to maintain personal hygiene during a menstrual period

Maintaining personal hygiene during menstruation

 Ovulation, fertilization or pregnancy and menstruation occur in a sequence of events. If fertilization does not occur, then menstruation follows. In other words, menstruation depicts failure of fertilization. For the female, maintaining personal hygiene during the period of menstruation is of utmost importance. For clearer understanding, let us look at the definition of the following terms:

Ovulation: is the release of a ripe egg from the ovary. The ripe egg will continue its journey through the fallopian tube into the womb (uterus) over a period of two to three days. This whole period is called the fertile period. During this period, some changes take place in the lining of the uterus to receive the fertilized egg if this eventually takes place. Ovulation starts between 10 and 12 years, and ends when a woman reaches menopause (45 and 55 years).

Fertilization: occurs when the male’s sperm unites with the ripe female’s egg (ovum). This may happen if there is sexual intercourse between a man and a woman during the ovulation period. This fertilization will result into pregnancy.

Menstruation: Menstruation is the shedding of the unfertilised egg and lining of the womb, if fertilization does not occur. This flow of menstrual blood can last for 3 to 7 days, and is called ‘menstrual period’. The first day of menstruation is the beginning of a ‘menstrual cycle’. This menstrual cycle takes place between 21 and 35 days

Stages of menstruation

·         Menstruation occurs in a cycle.
·         At puberty, the ovary starts to release a ripe egg monthly (called ovulation)
·         The ripe egg moves to the fallopian tube
·         If a female have sex during this time and the sperm unites with the ripe egg (called fertilization).
·         If there is no fertilization, the lining of the womb together with the unfertilised egg will shed off as blood (called menstruation).
·         The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of menstrual flow to the first day of the next menstrual flow. This cycle occurs every 21 to 35 days and the flow lasts for between 3 to 7 days. The flow may be heavy, moderate or light.

How to maintain personal hygiene during menstruation

Use sanitary pads
The use of sanitary pads is greatly encouraged to absorb the blood flow and help the lady feel comfortable,

Change sanitary pads at least three times a day or when soaked
Changing the sanitary pad frequently is also greatly encouraged. Using one sanitary pad for a whole day causes discomfort and can lead to the production of an offensive odour.

Have a bath in the morning and evening 
Taking your bath as much as possible during this period is greatly encouraged, most especially in the morning and evening.

Eat plenty of fruits and drink much water
Fruits like we all know have so many nutritional and health benefits to humans, hence eating much of it during this period is advisable. Drinking of much water too is greatly encouraged.

Do not use perfume and/or powder on the vulva
Some ladies go as far as using perfumes or powders on the vulva during menstruation in order to reduce the smell or giving it a pleasant fragrance. Such practices is highly unhealthy because they tend to alter the normal micro flora present in the vulva, which can eventually lead to an infection.



A Medical Microbiologist, Public health worker, blogger and artcle writer, and offcourse a fan of Manchester United football club


  1. Hmmmm... I think some ladies needs to read dis

    1. Yes it is quite infornative, especially for ladies that desist from personal hygiene pratices during menstruation.